Romania is located in Southeastern and Central Europe within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black sea. Almost all of the Danube Delta is located within its territory. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova to the northeast, and Bulgaria to the south.
With the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989, Romania started a series of political and economic reforms. After a decade of post-revolution economic problems, Romania began various economic reforms and joined the European Union on January 1, 2007. While Romania’s income level remains one of the lowest in the European Union, reforms have increased the growth speed. Romania now has an upper-middle income economy. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, with 1.9 million people.
Romania & Communism
(1945-1989) At the end of World War II, parts of the countries territories remained occupied by the USSR and Romania became a socialist republic.
In 1965, Nicolae Ceausescu came to power. Running a neo-Stalinist police state from 1967–1989, Nicolae Ceausescu pulled the iron curtain tightly around Romania, turning a moderately prosperous country into one at the brink of starvation. To repay his $10 billion foreign debt in 1982, he ransacked the Romanian economy of everything that could be exported, leaving the country with desperate shortages of food, fuel, and other essentials. An army-assisted rebellion in Dec. 1989 led to Ceausescu’s overthrow, trial, and execution.
During Ceausescu’s reign the Romanian people suffered greatly. From the number of children each family was required to have, to what time the lights were turned off at night, citizens were extremely limited and controlled in regards to everyday living. This harsh governance led to many problems, and to this day the Romanian people are recovering and rebuilding a new life of freedom.
After the Iron Curtain fell in 1989, orphanages filled with children were discovered. The children were found in inhuman conditions. Neglected by their care takers and the State, children were found wrapped in rags and covered in their own feces. Tied down to their beds, these children had suffered tremendous physical and emotional abuse. As news of this discovery spread all over the world many people came to help.
Even though things have changed and the government is working to prevent abandonment, according to UNICEF, at least 9,000 babies are still being abandoned each year. “Generally, mothers abandon their children because they cannot afford to raise them”. To this day Romania is still searching for new solutions to help these children grow up in a safe, healthy and loving environment.